四痘  /  水痘  /  麻疹  /  流行性腮腺炎  /  德國麻疹  /  如何預防

流行性腮腺炎

這是什麼疾病?

.由流行性腮腺炎病毒引起11.很容易透過患者咳嗽、打噴嚏和接觸患者的唾液而傳播11.在下顎和面頰唾腺腫脹前後的幾天,傳染性最高11

徵狀

.早期徵狀包括﹕肌肉疼痛、頭痛和低燒11.受感染後16至18天,孩子的面頰和下顎唾腺會腫脹,導致耳痛和下顎壓痛11

是嚴重疾病嗎?

.病況通常較輕,但亦可導致嚴重的健康問題11.間中或出現失聰及腦部、胰臟、睪丸或卵巢受感染等併發症11

知多一點點

2015年,全球有近40萬宗感染個案12

Reference:
1. Data on file, MSD
2. Data on file, MSD
3. 衛生署-衛生防護中心. Avaliable at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/15.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 353-376.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2016. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox/about/symptoms.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2016. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox/about/transmission.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2007; Vol. 56; RR04; 1-40. 8.
8. World Health Organization (WHO) Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs286/en/. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 209-230.
10. Centre for Health Protection Available at: http://www.chp.gov.hk/en/content/9/24/41.html. Accessed on 6 Jun 2017.
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 247-260.
12. World Health Organization (WHO) 2016. Available at: http://apps.who.int/immunization_monitoring/globalsummary/timeseries/tsincidencemumps.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
13. Gershon AA . Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases 2015; 8th ed: 1967-1973.
14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 325-340.
15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2012; 5th edition: 1-20.
16. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/31.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
17. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/34.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
18. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/40.html. Access on 17 May 2018.