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德國麻疹

這是什麼疾病?

.由風疹病毒引起的短期性疾病13.很容易透過患者的飛沫傳播13.紅疹爆發時傳染性最強,但患者可在紅疹發作的10天前至紅疹發作的15天內傳播病毒13

徵狀

.大約50%受感染患者沒有徵狀14.孩子在受感染後14至17天,會先於臉上長出紅疹,然後從頭蔓延到腳14

是嚴重疾病嗎?

.受感染的孕婦有機會將病毒傳給胎兒,引致先天性風疹綜合症,導致嬰兒有失聰、心臟問題等先天缺陷,孕婦亦可能會流產13,14

知多一點點

全球每年超過十萬名初生嬰兒患上先天性風疹綜合症15

Reference:
1. Data on file, MSD
2. Data on file, MSD
3. 衛生署-衛生防護中心. Avaliable at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/15.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 353-376.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2016. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox/about/symptoms.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2016. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox/about/transmission.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2007; Vol. 56; RR04; 1-40. 8.
8. World Health Organization (WHO) Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs286/en/. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 209-230.
10. Centre for Health Protection Available at: http://www.chp.gov.hk/en/content/9/24/41.html. Accessed on 6 Jun 2017.
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 247-260.
12. World Health Organization (WHO) 2016. Available at: http://apps.who.int/immunization_monitoring/globalsummary/timeseries/tsincidencemumps.html. Accessed on 19 May 2017.
13. Gershon AA . Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases 2015; 8th ed: 1967-1973.
14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2015; 13th ed: 325-340.
15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2012; 5th edition: 1-20.
16. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/31.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
17. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/34.html. Access on 17 May 2018.
18. 衛生署-衛生防護中心 Available at: https://www.chp.gov.hk/tc/healthtopics/content/24/40.html. Access on 17 May 2018.